This study examined the effectiveness and safety of a uniportal endoscopic gastrocnemius recession with a specifically designed uniportal endoscopic system. Fifty-three patients underwent 60 endoscopic gastrocnemius recessions. Their mean range of ankle dorsiflexion changed from a preoperative value of –2.9° ± 1.9° to a postoperative value of 12.8° ± 1.7°, for a total increase of 15.7° ± 1.8° of ankle dorsiflexion (p < .001). The average time from skin incision to closure was 4 minutes and 19 ± 33.6 seconds. Overall, 4 (6.67%) cases (procedures) were associated with a complication, including 1 (1.67%) case of triceps surae weakness that resolved after physical therapy. Three (5%) cases developed nerve complications, with 2 (3.33%) cases of transient neuritis that spontaneously resolved at 5 and 8 weeks postoperatively, respectively, and 1 (1.67%) that experienced persistent cutaneous anesthesia in the distribution of the sural nerve along the lateral aspect of the foot up to 4 months postoperatively. There were no cases of wound dehiscence or delayed healing, painful scar formation, infection at the surgical site, hematoma, or deep venous thrombosis. Endoscopic gastrocnemius recession with a uniportal system appears to be safe and effective.
Level of Clinical Evidence
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Published online: September 17, 2012
Financial Disclosure: None reported.
Conflict of Interest: None reported.
© 2012 American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.