Case Reports and Series| Volume 56, ISSUE 6, P1312-1315, November 2017

Incarceration of the Posterior Tibial Tendon in an Isolated Comminuted Medial Malleolus Fracture


      Isolated medial malleolar fractures are a less common presentation of an ankle fracture. Treatment is not universally accepted, although many have agreed that any displacement warrants anatomic reduction and fixation. We present a case of an isolated, comminuted medial malleolar fracture that was displaced secondary to entrapment of the posterior tibial tendon between the fracture fragments requiring surgical intervention. The patient was treated with prompt open reduction and internal fixation and had an excellent functional outcome at 1 year. When open reduction and internal fixation of the medial malleolus is indicated, a thorough exploration of the zone of injury is required to identify and adequately address any surrounding pathologic features beyond just the disrupted bony anatomy. To the best of our knowledge, this specific injury has never been previously reported and emphasizes the importance of understanding the local anatomy and how restoration of the distorted anatomy is vital to optimize patient function.

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