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Anatomic Locking Plate for Displaced Intraarticular Calcaneal Fracture: Design and Application

Published:September 06, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2017.05.030

      Abstract

      Calcaneal fracture can lead to long-term disability and have a considerable economic effect. Most calcaneal fractures are intraarticular fractures involving the posterior facet of the subtalar joint. Treating displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures is complicated because of the lack of an optimal treatment option. Internal fixation typically involves screw-and-plate implants, which can be unfavorable owing to the lack of an anatomic design and the intraoperative bending required for the plate to contour to the irregular surface of the calcaneus. We assessed the outcomes of 30 patients treated using innovative, anatomically designed calcaneal locking plates and the perceived advantages for surgeons. Postoperative computed tomography images of the affected feet were obtained, and the functional performance was recorded. The mean average Böhler angle had increased significantly from 16.8° ± 14.9° to 28.5° ± 9.4° (p < .001). The mean average maximal fracture gap and maximal step-off in the posterior facet of the subtalar joint in the coronal computed tomography images also decreased significantly from 2.8 ± 3.7 mm to 0.8 ± 1.3 mm (p < .01) and from 3.3 ± 2.8 mm to 0.8 ± 1.2 mm (p < .001), respectively. The mean average American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Ankle-Hindfoot scale score was 93.9 ± 7.1 at the final follow-up visit. In addition, the surgical time was reduced because bending the plate was not required and the quality of reduction could be assessed easily by examining the gap between the cortex and the plate. The results were promising, revealing that the anatomic locking plate can be used effectively in the treatment of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures using simple reduction techniques with a potentially shortened operating time.

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