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Intraoperative Three-Dimensional Navigation for Talocalcaneal Coalition Resection

      Abstract

      Talocalcaneal tarsal coalitions are a common source of foot pain, stiffness, and deformity. These coalitions are treated symptomatically with rest and periods of immobilization. When those measures fail, surgical resection is attempted. This procedure is an anatomic challenge with the consequence of leaving residual coalition. The residual coalition primarily results from difficulty with intraoperative imaging because fluoroscopy does not provide adequate detail of this area. Some investigators have recommended intraoperative computed tomography after resection with reasonable results. We describe the combination of an intraoperative computed tomography with a navigated instrument system for resection of talocalcaneal coalitions. The use of a navigated probe and burr aids in defining the most anterior, posterior, and medial extents of the coalition. This technique reduces the morbidity, with less bone removed and preservation of intact subtalar articulations and allows for an efficient, thorough, and controlled resection.

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