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Flexible Juvenile Flat Foot Surgical Correction: A Comparison Between Two Techniques After Ten Years’ Experience

Published:January 15, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2018.07.013

      ABSTRACT

      The aim of our study is a retrospective analysis of the 2 most common surgical treatments of symptomatic juvenile flat foot: different arthroereisis techniques. Exosinotarsal arthroereisis with metallic screw and endosinotarsal with bioabsorbable devices were compared. In total, 402 feet were examined for a median follow-up of 130 months. Only symptomatic (plantar or calcaneus pain), flexible, and idiopathic flat feet were included in our study. Congenital (fibrous/bone tarsal coalitions), neurologic, and posttraumatic flat feet were excluded. During clinical examination, the feet were categorized according to the Viladot classification, which took into consideration the plantar impression: only grades 3 and 4 were included (complete medial longitudinal arch collapse). Evaluation was determined by taking into consideration 3 parameters: clinical evaluation, pain, and variation of the radiologic angles. No statistical differences were found between the 2 techniques; the choice can be determined mostly by the surgeon's preference.

      Level of Clinical Evidence: 2

      Keywords

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