Case Reports| Volume 58, ISSUE 4, P785-791, July 2019

Subtalar Joint Distraction Arthrodesis Utilizing a Titanium Truss: A Case Series

Published:April 20, 2019DOI:


      Subtalar joint distraction arthrodesis has been recommended for the treatment of conditions such as nonunion or malunion of subtalar joint arthrodesis posttraumatic arthritis. Both conditions are difficult to treat, because the deformities created in the frontal and sagittal planes of these conditions are complex. If these malalignments are not addressed, ankle joint instability and wear occur over time. In general, either autograft or allograft bone has been used to perform distraction arthrodesis of the subtalar joint. Although studies have shown successful use, there have been complications. Autografts have resulted in donor site morbidity and limitations on graft size, and allografts have shown high nonunion rates. Both autografts and allografts have shown graft collapse over time. Recent literature has discussed the use of tantalum technology to span large defects in bone healing. Studies have shown that tantalum provides superior strength and bone incorporation compared with autografts and allografts. This case series presents 2 cases in which tantalum truss technology was used for distraction arthrodesis. Although this series is limited in patient numbers, both cases show effective graft incorporation with no loss in height over time and earlier return to activity compared with previous studies that used autograft and allograft wedges.

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