Review Article| Volume 58, ISSUE 4, P755-761, July 2019

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Fine Wire Circular Fixation for Displaced Intra-Articular Calcaneal Fractures: A Systematic Review


      Intra-articular calcaneal fractures represent an ongoing challenge for the orthopedic community, with the benefits of the previous “gold standard” treatment of open reduction and internal fixation having been called into question in several large randomized controlled trials. Fine wire circular fixation may represent a useful alternative treatment for these injuries, combining minimally invasive application with rigid fixation, which allows the possibility of early weight bearing We performed a systematic review of published studies that used circular fixation for calcaneal fractures and recorded functional outcomes at follow-up. In a total of 11 studies with 255 calcaneal fractures for which there was follow-up, our inclusion criteria were met: 8.2% of fractures were bilateral, 11.9% of fractures were open fractures, and 12.6% of patients had multiple orthopedic injuries. Functional outcomes were assessed with the use of a variety of tools across the different studies, but outcomes compared favorably with those seen with open reduction and internal fixation. Although pin site infections were common (22.6%), serious complications, including deep infection (0.8%), wound infection (1.6%), and complex regional pain syndrome (0.8%), were exceedingly rare. The results suggest that this is a viable alternative treatment for calcaneal fractures, but higher-quality randomized controlled trials are required before the technique can enter mainstream use.

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