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Risk Factors and Outcomes After Surgical Reconstruction of Charcot Neuroarthropathy in Fracture Versus Dislocation Patterns

      ABSTRACT

      The primary aim of this study is to compare the preoperative risk factors and postoperative outcomes between Charcot neuroarthropathy patients with dislocation versus purely fracture pattern breakdown. The secondary aim is to compare the same factors between Charcot neuroarthropathy patients with dislocation versus fracture-dislocation pattern breakdown. A total of 55 patients with forefoot, midfoot, or hindfoot Charcot Neuroarthopathy were assessed at a mean follow up of 2.99 years. Bivariate analysis compared preoperative risk factors and postoperative outcomes, and segmented multivariable regression analysis was performed. Dislocation pattern Charcot had statistically significant higher rates of broken hardware (p = .05), mean age (p = .01), and revisional exostectomy (p = .01) compared to pure fracture pattern Charcot. Dislocation pattern Charcot was 12 times more likely to have revisions exostectomy (odds ratio [OR] 12.0, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.84-78.37), and was 8 times more likely to have osteomyelitis (OR 7.8, 95% CI 1.4-42.7, p = .02) compared to the fracture-dislocation pattern Charcot. The patients with pure fracture pattern Charcot were 58.8 times more likely to have Charcot breakdown involvement of the talonavicular joint compared to the dislocation pattern cohort (OR 58.83, 95% CI 1.1-3220.3). Involvement of the talonavicular joint, in the fracture pattern Charcot associate with medial column collapse occurring at the onset of Charcot breakdown. The dislocation pattern in Charcot Neuroarthropathy demonstrated a higher propensity for residual collapse as demonstrated by the higher rates of broken hardware, osteomyelitis, and need for revisional exostectomy.

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