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Patient Outcomes Following Extra-Osseous Talo-Tarsal Stabilization for Foot Hyperpronation

Published:September 08, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2021.09.002

      Abstract

      The aim is to present a single-center case series of patients with symptomatic hyperpronated feet treated with arthroereisis by using a second generation extra-osseous talo-tarsal stabilization device. This case series enrolled 123 feet in 87 patients (20 [6-75] years) treated with arthroereisis, either isolated (76 cases) or combined procedure (47 cases). At their final follow-up, a patient reported questionnaire (overall satisfaction, foot stability and shape, activities of daily living, pain level, and analgesics usage) was distributed. The average postoperative follow-up period was 30 (13-55) months. Nineteen (15%) cases required at least one revision surgery: the implant was manipulated in 5 (4%), while 14 cases (11%) required definitive implant removal. The predominant reason for implant removal was pain (50%), followed by implant migration (27%). The pediatric population with isolated procedure showed lowest revision rate (5%), while adults with combined ankle/hindfoot procedures demonstrated revision rate of 50%. The overall patient satisfaction after arthroereisis was 84%. The patients’ perceived improvement in foot stability was 75%, foot shape 85%, and activities of daily living 64%. Eighty-two percent of cases reported no analgesics usage in the last month and mean visual analogue scale (0-10) pain level decreased from 5.5 to 2.2 (p < .001). The subgroup analyses of patient-reported questionnaires revealed the best outcome in the pediatric-isolated cases, while adults with combined procedures reported the lowermost outcome. Extra-osseous talo-tarsal stabilization demonstrated a low rate of revisions surgery and a high satisfaction rate as an isolated procedure. Patients with conjoined procedures experienced more revisions and considerably lower satisfaction rates.

      Level of Clinical Evidence

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