Research Article| Volume 61, ISSUE 2, P363-368, March 2022

Mid-Term Functional and Radiological Outcomes of Total Ankle Replacement in an Asian Cohort

Published:September 19, 2021DOI:


      There are limited studies looking at longer-term outcomes of the total ankle replacement (TAR) in the Asian cohort. Asian ankles are smaller in size and are more varus compared to Western cohorts. Cultural differences also require increased ankle range of motion demands. Therefore, assessment of longer-term functional and radiological outcomes in the Asian cohort is warranted. Between 2007 and 2015, 43 consecutive patients received a 3-component, cementless, unconstrained, fully congruent TAR. Patients were followed up over a mean 8 (range 5-14 years). Preoperative and postoperative AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score (AOFAS-AHS), visual analogue score (VAS), physical and mental component scores of the SF-36 (PCS and MCS respectively) were calculated. European Foot and Ankle Score was also recorded at 8 years. Radiographs were reviewed postoperatively to assess implant position and study evidence of implant loosening and impingement. At 8 years, survivorship was 83.5%. Reasons for implant removal included infection (n = 2) and aseptic loosening (n = 5). AOFAS-AHS, VAS MCS at 8 years postoperatively were comparable to outcomes at 2 years postoperatively (p > .05). PCS at 8 years demonstrated improvement compared to 2 years postoperatively (49 ± 7 vs 42 ± 11, p = .048). Radiographic impingement was noted in 9 cases (20.9%). Radiological loosening was noted in 8 cases with 5 cases requiring revision surgery. At 8 years postoperatively, clinical outcomes, radiological outcomes and survivorship following TAR in an Asian cohort are satisfactory and comparable to that found in existing literature. Long-term studies are required to ascertain survivorship of TAR. Implant design with the Asian cohort in mind may yield improved outcomes.

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