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Tissue Coverage and Functional Reconstruction Outcomes With Use of Serratus Osteomusculocutaneous Free Flap in Lateral Malleolar Reconstruction: A Case Report

  • Ayhan Okumus
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to: Ayhan Okumus, MD, Private Aesthetic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Office, Ihsaniye Mah. Ilknur Sk. Bulvar 224 B Blok No: 1/B Kat: 6 D:10 Nilüfer, Bursa, Turkey.
    Affiliations
    Private Aesthetic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Office, Bursa, Turkey
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Published:September 18, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2021.09.011

      Abstract

      Currently, there is no ideal method defined in the repair of complex lateral malleolar defects, and the existing methods (i.e., bone repair, soft tissue or free flap closure) are far from producing functional results in terms of the ultimate recovery of ankle movements. Herein, an operative technique for soft tissue, ligamentous, and osseous reconstruction of fibular defect, using a free vascularized serratus anterior osteomusculocutaneous flap for reconstruction of a fibular deficit and the sixth costa for soft tissue coverage, was described in relation to tissue coverage and functional reconstruction outcome in a 31-year-old male patient with soft tissue and distal fibula defects in the lateral malleolus region caused by a traffic accident. Ankle movement was regained to almost full extent. No complications requiring further intervention was encountered in the donor site or ankle. In conclusion, the described operative technique enabled the repair of functional ligaments of the ankle joint in addition to repair of the soft tissue, lateral malleolus bone and skin defects in one session without the need for further additional operative intervention. Hence, the use of serratus osteomusculocutaneous free flap as a lateral malleolar reconstruction method seems to enable not only the tissue coverage but also to assist with functional reconstruction.

      Level of Clinical Evidence

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