Research Article| Volume 61, ISSUE 2, P355-362, March 2022

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Comparison Study of Mini-Incision Versus Original Open Technique of the Half-Mini-Bunnell Achilles Tendon Repair

Published:September 18, 2021DOI:


      Mini-incision surgical procedures in our institution have been developed by decreasing the total skin incision length from the original mini half-Bunnell tendon repair technique. We hypothesized that the mini-incision, or minimum invasive Achilles tendon repair technique, would promote the tendon healing process leading to better outcomes and a reduced complication rate compared to the conventional open repair. The study sought to determine the more optimal method by comparing 44 mini-incision sutures to the 99 sutures in the original open Achilles tendon repairs. The mean skin incision length of the mini-incision surgery was 2.9 (range 2.5-3.0) cm and the original repair was 4.2 (range 3.5-7.0) cm. The mean surgery time was 60.0 minutes in the mini-incision repair and 68.1 minutes in the original one (p = .0003). The mean achievement time of bilateral heel-rise, starting jogging, single-legged heel-rise movement and the time to return-to-play was not significantly different between the 2 groups. Achilles Tendon Rupture Score was not significantly different from 3 to 9 months after surgery. Re-injury rate was 1/44 (2.3%) in mini-incision and 4/99 (4.0%) in conventional open repair (p = .36). No patients in either group developed any postoperative infections nor deep vein thrombosis complications. Although the mini-incision half-mini-Bunnell suture was showed equivalent clinical results to the original open repair, the technique is recommended in terms of curtailment of the surgery time without increase of complication ratio.

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