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Perioperative Opioid Analgesics and Hallux Valgus Correction Surgery: Trends, Risk Factors for Prolonged Use and Complications

Published:October 22, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2021.10.011

      ABSTRACT

      In the setting of an opioid epidemic, this study aims to provide evidence on opioid use trends, risk factors for prolonged use, and complications from perioperative opioid consumption in hallux valgus surgery. A national database was queried for patients who underwent hallux valgus correction. Regression analysis identified: (1) risk factors for prolonged postoperative narcotic use; and (2) association between preoperative/prolonged postoperative narcotic use and postoperative complications. A linear regression analysis was used to determine trends. About 20,749 patients were included, of which 3464 patients were prescribed narcotics preoperatively and 4339 were identified as prolonged postoperative narcotic prescription users. Preoperative prescriptions were identified as risk factors for prolonged use. Perioperative narcotic use was observed to be a risk factor for poor outcomes. About 21% of patients were identified as prolonged postoperative narcotic prescription users. Patients undergoing hallux valgus corrective surgery should be counseled regarding their increased risk of complications when using narcotics.

      Level of Clinical Evidence

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