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Outcome of Atypical & Complex Clubfoot Managed by Modified Ponseti Method—A Prospective Study

Published:January 25, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2022.01.024

      Abstract

      Atypical or complex clubfoot constitutes a small number of cases. Due to the difference in complexity of anatomy, standard deformity correction by Ponseti is not effective. Hence a modified Ponseti method was advised which focuses on deformity differences for treatment. We conducted a prospective study to analyze the outcome in atypical or complex clubfoot treated with the modified Ponseti method. All the children of age less than 1 year were included in the study with atypical or complex clubfoot. Every case was treated according to the modified Ponseti method and tenotomy. Pirani scores were measured at pretreatment, each visit, before application of a brace, and at the latest follow-up. Statistical analysis of all continuous and categorical variables was done. A total of 30 patients (47 feet) were included in the study. Mean Pirani score improved from 5.69 at presentation to 0.45 at time of brace application and latest follow-up 0.34 (p < .001). Six patients (9 feet) had a relapse which was managed with recasting. The mean Pirani score of relapse was 0.72, which after correction reduced to 0.11 (p = .008). Six patients had cast-related complications which were managed with conservative treatment. With an increase in popularity of the Ponseti method, a greater number of complex clubfoot cases are seen due to inadequate reduction or slippage of cast or improper cast application techniques. All these need to be identified at an early age. This helps in proper treatment and improves the quality of life as well as foot appearance.

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