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Are Radiographs Associated With Patient Satisfaction After Scarf Bunionectomy?

      Abstract

      There are over 350,000 bunion surgeries performed in the USA annually, making it one of the most common elective forefoot surgeries. Studies have suggested that as many as 10% of patients remain dissatisfied after bunion surgery. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if radiographic variables are associated with patient satisfaction at 1 year postoperatively. We performed a secondary analysis of prospectively collected data on 69 consecutive adult patients (mean age 45 ± 14 years, 91% female [63/69]) who underwent isolated hallux valgus surgery from January 2016 to January 2017. Subjects completed a standardized 4-item survey inquiring about their satisfaction with regards to pain relief, overall operative result, cosmetic appearance, and ability to wear desired shoe gear. Conventional radiographic indices for hallux valgus were examined preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. An association model using backward stepwise logistic regression was utilized to determine which variables, if any, are most important in explaining patient satisfaction after surgery. Sixty-nine subjects completed the 4-item satisfaction survey with 53.6% (37/69) of subjects answering they were fully satisfied on all aspects of the survey at 12 months postoperatively. In the final regression model, no radiographic or demographic variables were associated with patient satisfaction including shoe gear, cosmetic appearance, pain relief, and overall operative result. Radiographic variables did not appear to be associated with patient satisfaction at one year postoperatively in our study. Factors such as quality of life, anxiety levels, fear of surgery, and/or preoperative expectations may offer more insight into satisfaction; however, further research should be performed to examine this further.

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