Research Article| Volume 62, ISSUE 1, P173-177, January 2023

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Correlation of Lisfranc Injuries With Regional Bone Density


      Lisfranc injuries present a challenge due to their ubiquity though frequent missed diagnoses. A paucity of data exists associating the contribution of bone density to injury type. This investigation compares the regional bone density between Lisfranc injury types using computed-tomography (CT)-derived Hounsfield units. A retrospective chart review identified patients with gross ligamentous and avulsion-type Lisfranc injuries determined by CT examination of the second metatarsal base and medial cuneiform. Regional bone density was assessed by averaging the Hounsfield units of the first metatarsal base, navicular, cuboid, calcaneus, and talus between 2 reviewers. Density was compared between injury type, isolated concomitant forefoot, and mid/hindfoot fractures. One hundred thirty-four patients were separated into avulsion (n = 85) and ligamentous (n = 49) groups. No statistically significant difference in patient body mass index, age, smoking status, or Quenu and Kuss injury pattern was observed between groups. The regional bone density of the cuboid (p = .03) and talus (p = .04) was greater in the ligamentous group. Lower extremity concomitant mid/hindfoot fracture patients exhibited greater regional bone density in the ligamentous group in all assessed bones (p ≤ .04) except the calcaneus. Ligamentous injuries of the Lisfranc complex are associated with increased regional bone density among patients sustaining concomitant mid/hindfoot fractures. This study expands the utility of regional bone density analysis in foot and ankle trauma.

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