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Does Electrocauterization of the Matrix After the Wedge Resection of the Toe-Nail Affect Recurrence in Discrete Age Groups Differently? A Retrospective Analysis

Published:August 14, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2022.08.002

      ABSTRACT

      The onychocryptosis, also known as ingrown toe-nails, is a painful, common disorder which is less common in children than in adults. The purpose of the present study was to focus on the effect of electrocautery matricectomy on recurrence rate and clinical outcomes in different age groups. We performed a retrospective assessment of 189 consecutive ingrown toe-nails surgeries. Electrocautery matricectomy was performed in 68 (49.2%) of 138 (73%) adults, 25 (49%) of 51 (27%) adolescents. Recurrence was observed in 11 (21.5%) adolescent patients, while recurrence was observed in 12 (8.6%) adult patients. Recurrence was observed in 9 (9.6%) of 93 patients in whom cautery was used, while 14 (14.5%) recurrences were observed in 96 patients who did not use cautery. When the adolescent patient group was evaluated separately, recurrence was observed in 2 (8%) of 25 patients in the cautery group, while recurrence was observed in 9 (34.6%) of 26 patients in the other group. EM addition to the wedge excision does not affect the results in adult patients, but it significantly reduces recurrence in adolescent patients. Especially in younger patients, it is recommended to complete the matricectomy with electrocoagulation.

      Level of Clinical Evidence

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