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Midterm Outcomes of Endoscopic Plantar Fascia Debridement in 125 Patients: A 5-Year Follow-Up

Published:November 09, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2022.11.001

      Abstract

      Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common pathologies addressed by foot and ankle surgeons. Despite advances and overall success rates for conservative therapy, many of the recalcitrant cases proceed to require surgical correction. Partial to complete release of the fascia is often performed altering foot biomechanics and severing the windlass mechanism. Endoscopic debridement of the plantar fascia allows for direct visualization and removal of the inflammatory tissue while leaving the fascia and its function intact. A total of 125 feet were evaluated with a minimum follow-up time of 5 years. Gender, body mass index, and duration of symptoms were all evaluated and documented. Visual analog scale scores (VAS), American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Score (AOFAS), and Foot Function Index (FFI) were collected both pre- and postoperatively. AOFAS, FFI, and VAS scores improved from a pre-operative mean of 57.6, 89.4%, and 8.6-89.1, 13.4%, and 0.7 respectively (p < .05) at final follow-up. Of the 125 patients, 98% stated they were satisfied with the operative outcome and would undergo the procedure again. At final follow-up, no patient suffered rupture of the fascia or recurrence. Patients were able to bear weight immediately following the surgery in a walking boot and on average patients were able to return to work at 3.4 days following surgery. This is a novel technique that does not compromise the plantar fascia or alter foot biomechanics with promising 5-year outcomes.

      Level of Clinical Evidence

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