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Intravascular Endothelial Hyperplasia of the Foot: A Case Series

Published:November 19, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2022.11.007

      Abstract

      Intravascular endothelial hyperplasia is a benign soft tissue mass rarely reported in the foot. Advanced imaging and confirming a benign diagnosis are critical for any soft tissue mass. This paper identifies two patients that developed intravascular endothelial hyperplasia tumors which required surgical excision. A 17-year-old male patient presented to clinic complaining of a painful bump to the arch of his right foot which he related to an injury 9 months prior. Magnetic resonance imaging of the right foot revealed a mass within the plantar subcutaneous fat that was serpiginous in nature similar to adjacent branching vessels favoring a low-flow vascular malformation. A 38-year-old female with Multiple Sclerosis presented with complaints of persistent symptoms of pain to the 1st interspace, difficult ambulation and neuritis. Ultrasound and MRI observed solid, multilobulated mass, with internal vascular malformation, MRI describing intrinsic involvement along the abductor musculature and flexor tendons. Both lesions were surgically excised and sent for pathology. Pathology report indicated a diagnosis of intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia or Masson's tumor in both cases. Pathology diagnosis of intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia is generally good with wide resection leading to low recurrence rates. Both patients in the current study have progressed post-operatively with resolution of symptoms and without recurrence.

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