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Tibial component subsidence in a total ankle system comparing standard technique versus a hybrid technique

Published:November 25, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jfas.2022.11.012

      Abstract

      Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is a viable treatment option for end-stage ankle arthritis. However, implant survivorship remains an important consideration. Concerns regarding early component loosening with the low-profile tibial tray utilized by fourth-generation TAA systems have been raised in the literature. We have previously described our preliminary outcomes of a hybrid technique combining a stemmed intramedullary tibial component with a chamfer-cut talar component for TAA. A retrospective study comparing short-term outcomes of the tibial component between a standard fourth-generation TAA system versus our hybrid technique was performed. 46 patients with a minimum of one-year follow up were included in the analyses. There were 25 subjects in the standard implant cohort utilizing a low-profile tibial tray, and 21 subjects in the hybrid group utilizing a stemmed intramedullary tibial component. No statistically significant difference between the demographics of each group was found. The rate of tibial component subsidence was 8% (n=2) in the standard implant group, and 0% (n=0) in the hybrid group, though this did not meet statistical significance (p = 0.49). Mean time to subsidence was 6 months, and revision rate due to tibial component subsidence was 2.1% (n=1). Periprosthetic lucency was present on most recent follow-up radiographs in 32% and 9.5% of ankles in the standard and hybrid groups, respectively (p = 0.08). Despite prior concerns for tibial component subsidence with the standard fourth-generation system, we demonstrated low rates in both implant groups. Additional studies are needed to further explore factors that may predispose patients to early tibial component subsidence and resulting implant failure.

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